Associating Inter-Image Salient Instances for Weakly Supervised Semantic Segmentation

Ruochen Fan, Qibin Hou, Ming-Ming Cheng, Gang Yu, Ralph R. Martin, Shi-Min Hu; Proceedings of the European Conference on Computer Vision (ECCV), 2018, pp. 367-383


Effectively bridging between image level keyword annotations and corresponding image pixels is one of the main challenges in weakly supervised semantic segmentation. In this paper, we use an instance-level salient object detector to automatically generate salient instances (candidate objects) for training images. Using similarity features extracted from each salient instance in the whole training set, we build a similarity graph, then use a graph partitioning algorithm to separate it into multiple subgraphs, each of which is associated with a single keyword (tag). Our graph-partitioning-based clustering algorithm allows us to consider the relationships between all salient instances in the training set as well as the information within them. We further show that with the help of attention information, our clustering algorithm is able to correct certain wrong assignments, leading to more accurate results. The proposed framework is general, and any state-of-the-art fully-supervised network structure can be incorporated to learn the segmentation network. When working with DeepLab for semantic segmentation, our method outperforms state-of-the-art weakly supervised alternatives by a large margin, achieving 65.6% mIoU on the PASCAL VOC 2012 dataset. We also combine our method with Mask R-CNN for instance segmentation, and demonstrated for the first time the ability of weakly supervised instance segmentation using only keyword annotations.

Related Material

author = {Fan, Ruochen and Hou, Qibin and Cheng, Ming-Ming and Yu, Gang and Martin, Ralph R. and Hu, Shi-Min},
title = {Associating Inter-Image Salient Instances for Weakly Supervised Semantic Segmentation},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the European Conference on Computer Vision (ECCV)},
month = {September},
year = {2018}