Seeing Tree Structure from Vibration

Tianfan Xue, Jiajun Wu, Zhoutong Zhang, Chengkai Zhang, Joshua B. Tenenbaum, William T. Freeman; Proceedings of the European Conference on Computer Vision (ECCV), 2018, pp. 748-764


Humans recognize object structure from both their appearance and motion; often, motion helps to resolve ambiguities in object structure that arise when we observe object appearance only. There are particular scenarios, however, where neither appearance nor spatial-temporal motion signals are informative: occluding twigs may look connected and have almost identical movements, though they belong to different, possibly disconnected branches. We propose to tackle this problem through spectrum analysis of motion signals, because vibrations of disconnected branches, though visually similar, often have distinctive natural frequencies. We propose a novel formulation of tree structure based on a physics-based link model, and validate its effectiveness by theoretical analysis, numerical simulation, and empirical experiments. With this formulation, we use nonparametric Bayesian inference to reconstruct tree structure from both spectral vibration signals and appearance cues. Our model performs well in recognizing hierarchical tree structure from real-world videos of trees and vessels.

Related Material

[pdf] [arXiv]
author = {Xue, Tianfan and Wu, Jiajun and Zhang, Zhoutong and Zhang, Chengkai and Tenenbaum, Joshua B. and Freeman, William T.},
title = {Seeing Tree Structure from Vibration},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the European Conference on Computer Vision (ECCV)},
month = {September},
year = {2018}