End-to-end View Synthesis for Light Field Imaging with Pseudo 4DCNN

Yunlong Wang, Fei Liu, Zilei Wang, Guangqi Hou, Zhenan Sun, Tieniu Tan; Proceedings of the European Conference on Computer Vision (ECCV), 2018, pp. 333-348


Limited angular resolution has become the main bottleneck of microlens-based plenoptic cameras towards practical vision applications. Existing view synthesis methods mainly break the task into two steps, i.e. depth estimating and view warping, which are usually inefficient and produce artifacts over depth ambiguities. In this paper, an end-to-end deep learning framework is proposed to solve these problems by exploring Pseudo 4DCNN. Specifically, 2D strided convolutions operated on stacked EPIs and detail-restoration 3D CNNs connected with angular conversion are assembled to build the Pseudo 4DCNN. The key advantage is to efficiently synthesize dense 4D light fields from a sparse set of input views. The learning framework is well formulated as an entirely trainable problem, and all the weights can be recursively updated with standard backpropagation. The proposed framework is compared with state-of-the-art approaches on both genuine and synthetic light field databases, which achieves significant improvements of both image quality (+2dB higher) and computational efficiency (over 10X faster). Furthermore, the proposed framework shows good performances in real-world applications such as biometrics and depth estimation.

Related Material

author = {Wang, Yunlong and Liu, Fei and Wang, Zilei and Hou, Guangqi and Sun, Zhenan and Tan, Tieniu},
title = {End-to-end View Synthesis for Light Field Imaging with Pseudo 4DCNN},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the European Conference on Computer Vision (ECCV)},
month = {September},
year = {2018}