Neural Inter-Frame Compression for Video Coding

Abdelaziz Djelouah, Joaquim Campos, Simone Schaub-Meyer, Christopher Schroers; Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), 2019, pp. 6421-6429


While there are many deep learning based approaches for single image compression, the field of end-to-end learned video coding has remained much less explored. Therefore, in this work we present an inter-frame compression approach for neural video coding that can seamlessly build up on different existing neural image codecs. Our end-to-end solution performs temporal prediction by optical flow based motion compensation in pixel space. The key insight is that we can increase both decoding efficiency and reconstruction quality by encoding the required information into a latent representation that directly decodes into motion and blending coefficients. In order to account for remaining prediction errors, residual information between the original image and the interpolated frame is needed. We propose to compute residuals directly in latent space instead of in pixel space as this allows to reuse the same image compression network for both key frames and intermediate frames. Our extended evaluation on different datasets and resolutions shows that the rate-distortion performance of our approach is competitive with existing state-of-the-art codecs.

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author = {Djelouah, Abdelaziz and Campos, Joaquim and Schaub-Meyer, Simone and Schroers, Christopher},
title = {Neural Inter-Frame Compression for Video Coding},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV)},
month = {October},
year = {2019}