Multimodal Style Transfer via Graph Cuts

Yulun Zhang, Chen Fang, Yilin Wang, Zhaowen Wang, Zhe Lin, Yun Fu, Jimei Yang; Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), 2019, pp. 5943-5951


An assumption widely used in recent neural style transfer methods is that image styles can be described by global statics of deep features like Gram or covariance matrices. Alternative approaches have represented styles by decomposing them into local pixel or neural patches. Despite the recent progress, most existing methods treat the semantic patterns of style image uniformly, resulting unpleasing results on complex styles. In this paper, we introduce a more flexible and general universal style transfer technique: multimodal style transfer (MST). MST explicitly considers the matching of semantic patterns in content and style images. Specifically, the style image features are clustered into sub-style components, which are matched with local content features under a graph cut formulation. A reconstruction network is trained to transfer each sub-style and render the final stylized result. We also generalize MST to improve some existing methods. Extensive experiments demonstrate the superior effectiveness, robustness, and flexibility of MST.

Related Material

author = {Zhang, Yulun and Fang, Chen and Wang, Yilin and Wang, Zhaowen and Lin, Zhe and Fu, Yun and Yang, Jimei},
title = {Multimodal Style Transfer via Graph Cuts},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV)},
month = {October},
year = {2019}