Learning Landmark Guided Embeddings for Animal Re-identification

Olga Moskvyak, Frederic Maire, Feras Dayoub, Mahsa Baktashmotlagh ; Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Winter Conference on Applications of Computer Vision (WACV) Workshops, 2020, pp. 12-19


Re-identification of individual animals in images can be ambiguous due to subtle variations in body markings between different individuals and no constraints on the poses of animals in the wild. Person re-identification is a similar task and it has been approached with a deep convolutional neural network (CNN) that learns discriminative embeddings for images of people. However, learning discriminative features for an individual animal is more challenging than for a person's appearance due to the relatively small size of ecological datasets compared to labelled datasets of person's identities. We propose to improve embedding learning by exploiting body landmarks information explicitly. Body landmarks are provided to the input of a CNN as confidence heatmaps that can be obtained from a separate body landmark predictor. The model is encouraged to use heatmaps by learning an auxiliary task of reconstructing input heatmaps. Body landmarks guide a feature extraction network to learn the representation of a distinctive pattern and its position on the body. We evaluate the proposed method on a large synthetic dataset and a small real dataset. Our method outperforms the same model without body landmarks input by 26% and 18% on the synthetic and the real datasets respectively.The method is robust to noise in input coordinates and can tolerate an error in coordinates up to 10% of the image size.

Related Material

author = {Moskvyak, Olga and Maire, Frederic and Dayoub, Feras and Baktashmotlagh, Mahsa},
title = {Learning Landmark Guided Embeddings for Animal Re-identification},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Winter Conference on Applications of Computer Vision (WACV) Workshops},
month = {March},
year = {2020}