Periphery-Fovea Multi-Resolution Driving Model Guided by Human Attention

Ye Xia, Jinkyu Kim, John Canny, Karl Zipser, Teresa Canas-Bajo, David Whitney; Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Winter Conference on Applications of Computer Vision (WACV), 2020, pp. 1767-1775

Abstract


Inspired by human vision, we propose a new periphery-fovea multi-resolution driving model that predicts vehicle speed from dash camera videos. The peripheral vision module of the model processes the full video frames in low resolution with large receptive fields. Its foveal vision module selects sub-regions and uses high-resolution input from those regions to improve its driving performance. We train the fovea selection module with supervision from driver gaze. We show that adding high-resolution input from predicted human driver gaze locations significantly improves the driving accuracy of the model. Our periphery-fovea multi-resolution model outperforms a uni-resolution periphery-only model that has the same amount of floating-point operations. More importantly, we demonstrate that our driving model achieves a significantly higher performance gain in pedestrian-involved critical situations than in other non-critical situations. Our code is publicly available at https://github.com/pascalxia/periphery_fovea_driving.

Related Material


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[bibtex]
@InProceedings{Xia_2020_WACV,
author = {Xia, Ye and Kim, Jinkyu and Canny, John and Zipser, Karl and Canas-Bajo, Teresa and Whitney, David},
title = {Periphery-Fovea Multi-Resolution Driving Model Guided by Human Attention},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Winter Conference on Applications of Computer Vision (WACV)},
month = {March},
year = {2020}
}