Parsing World's Skylines using Shape-Constrained MRFs

Rashmi Tonge, Subhransu Maji, C. V. Jawahar; Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), 2014, pp. 3174-3181


We propose an approach for segmenting the individual buildings in typical skyline images. Our approach is based on a Markov Random Field (MRF) formulation that exploits the fact that such images contain overlapping objects of similar shapes exhibiting a "tiered" structure. Our contributions are the following: (1) A dataset of 120 high-resolution skyline images from twelve different cities with over 4,000 individually labeled buildings that allows us to quantitatively evaluate the performance of various segmentation methods, (2) An analysis of low-level features that are useful for segmentation of buildings, and (3) A shape-constrained MRF formulation that enforces shape priors over the regions. For simple shapes such as rectangles, our formulation is significantly faster to optimize than a standard MRF approach, while also being more accurate. We experimentally evaluate various MRF formulations and demonstrate the effectiveness of our approach in segmenting skyline images.

Related Material

author = {Tonge, Rashmi and Maji, Subhransu and Jawahar, C. V.},
title = {Parsing World's Skylines using Shape-Constrained MRFs},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)},
month = {June},
year = {2014}