Efficient Point Process Inference for Large-Scale Object Detection

Trung T. Pham, Seyed Hamid Rezatofighi, Ian Reid, Tat-Jun Chin; Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), 2016, pp. 2837-2845


We tackle the problem of large-scale object detection in images, where the number of objects can be arbitrarily large, and can exhibit significant overlap/occlusion. A successful approach to modelling the large-scale nature of this problem has been via point process density functions which jointly encode object qualities and spatial interactions. But the corresponding optimisation problem is typically difficult or intractable, and many of the best current methods rely on Monte Carlo Markov Chain (MCMC) simulation, which converges slowly in a large solution space. We propose an efficient point process inference for large-scale object detection using discrete energy minimization. In particular, we approximate the solution space by a finite set of object proposals and cast the point process density function to a corresponding energy function of binary variables whose values indicate which object proposals are accepted. We resort to the local submodular approximation (LSA) based trust-region optimisation to find the optimal solution. Furthermore we analyse the error of LSA approximation, and show how to adjust the point process energy to dramatically speed up the convergence without harms in the optimality. We demonstrate the superior efficiency and accuracy of our method using a variety of large-scale object detection applications such as crowd human detection, birds, cells counting/localization.

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[pdf] [supp]
author = {Pham, Trung T. and Rezatofighi, Seyed Hamid and Reid, Ian and Chin, Tat-Jun},
title = {Efficient Point Process Inference for Large-Scale Object Detection},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)},
month = {June},
year = {2016}