Attention-Based Natural Language Person Retrieval

Tao Zhou, Muhao Chen, Jie Yu, Demetri Terzopoulos; Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR) Workshops, 2017, pp. 27-34


Following the recent progress in image classification and captioning using deep learning, we develop a novel natural language person retrieval system based on an attention mechanism. More specifically, given the description of a person, the goal is to localize the person in an image. To this end, we first construct a benchmark dataset for natural language person retrieval. To do so, we generate bounding boxes for persons in a public image dataset from the segmentation masks, which are then annotated with descriptions and attributes using the Amazon Mechanical Turk. We then adopt a region proposal network in Faster R-CNN as a candidate region generator. The cropped images based on the region proposals as well as the whole images with attention weights are fed into Convolutional Neural Networks for visual feature extraction while the natural language expression and attributes are input to Bidirectional Long Short-Term Memory (BLSTM) models for text feature extraction. The visual and text features are integrated to score region proposals, and the one with the highest score is retrieved as the output of our system. The experimental results show significant improvement over state-of-the-art methods for generic object retrieval. This line of research promises to benefit search in surveillance video footage, and it may also be extended to other domains, such as human-robot interaction.

Related Material

[pdf] [arXiv]
author = {Zhou, Tao and Chen, Muhao and Yu, Jie and Terzopoulos, Demetri},
title = {Attention-Based Natural Language Person Retrieval},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR) Workshops},
month = {July},
year = {2017}