Underwater Image Dehazing With a Light Field Camera

Katherine A. Skinner, Matthew Johnson-Roberson; Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR) Workshops, 2017, pp. 62-69


Underwater vision is subject to effects of underwater light propagation that act to absorb, scatter, and attenuate light rays between the scene and the imaging platform. Backscattering has been shown to have a strong impact on underwater images. As light interacts with particulate matter in the water column, it is scattered back towards the imaging sensor, resulting in a hazy effect across the image. A similar effect occurs in terrestrial applications in images of foggy scenes due to interaction with the atmosphere. Prior work on multi-image dehazing has relied on multiple cameras, polarization filters, or moving light sources. Single image dehazing is an ill-posed problem; proposed solutions rely on strong priors of the scene. This paper presents a novel method for underwater image dehazing using a light field camera to capture both the spatial and angular distribution of light across a scene. First, a 2D dehazing method is applied to each sub-aperture image. These dehazed images are then combined to produce a smoothed central view. Lastly, the smoothed central view is used as a reference to perform guided image filtering, resulting in a 4D dehazed underwater light field image. The developed method is validated on real light field data collected in a controlled in-lab water tank, with images taken in air for reference. This dataset is made publicly available.

Related Material

author = {Skinner, Katherine A. and Johnson-Roberson, Matthew},
title = {Underwater Image Dehazing With a Light Field Camera},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR) Workshops},
month = {July},
year = {2017}