Generalized Autoencoder: A Neural Network Framework for Dimensionality Reduction

Wei Wang, Yan Huang, Yizhou Wang, Liang Wang; Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR) Workshops, 2014, pp. 490-497


The autoencoder algorithm and its deep version as traditional dimensionality reduction methods have achieved great success via the powerful representability of neural networks. However, they just use each instance to reconstruct itself and ignore to explicitly model the data relation so as to discover the underlying effective manifold structure. In this paper, we propose a dimensionality reduction method by manifold learning, which iteratively explores data relation and use the relation to pursue the manifold structure. The method is realized by a so called "generalized autoencoder" (GAE), which extends the traditional autoencoder in two aspects: (1) each instance x_i is used to reconstruct a set of instances {x_j} rather than itself. (2) The reconstruction error of each instance (||x_j - x'_i||^2) is weighted by a relational function of x_i and x_j defined on the learned manifold. Hence, the GAE captures the structure of the data space through minimizing the weighted distances between reconstructed instances and the original ones. The generalized autoencoder provides a general neural network framework for dimensionality reduction. In addition, we propose a multilayer architecture of the generalized autoencoder called deep generalized autoencoder to handle highly complex datasets. Finally, to evaluate the proposed methods, we perform extensive experiments on three datasets. The experiments demonstrate that the proposed methods achieve promising performance.

Related Material

author = {Wang, Wei and Huang, Yan and Wang, Yizhou and Wang, Liang},
title = {Generalized Autoencoder: A Neural Network Framework for Dimensionality Reduction},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR) Workshops},
month = {June},
year = {2014}