Efficient and Robust Large-Scale Rotation Averaging

Avishek Chatterjee, Venu Madhav Govindu; Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), 2013, pp. 521-528


In this paper we address the problem of robust and efficient averaging of relative 3D rotations. Apart from having an interesting geometric structure, robust rotation averaging addresses the need for a good initialization for largescale optimization used in structure-from-motion pipelines. Such pipelines often use unstructured image datasets harvested from the internet thereby requiring an initialization method that is robust to outliers. Our approach works on the Lie group structure of 3D rotations and solves the problem of large-scale robust rotation averaging in two ways. Firstly, we use modern 1 optimizers to carry out robust averaging of relative rotations that is efficient, scalable and robust to outliers. In addition, we also develop a twostep method that uses the 1 solution as an initialisation for an iteratively reweighted least squares (IRLS) approach. These methods achieve excellent results on large-scale, real world datasets and significantly outperform existing methods, i.e. the state-of-the-art discrete-continuous optimization method of [3] as well as the Weiszfeld method of [8]. We demonstrate the efficacy of our method on two largescale real world datasets and also provide the results of the two aforementioned methods for comparison.

Related Material

author = {Chatterjee, Avishek and Govindu, Venu Madhav},
title = {Efficient and Robust Large-Scale Rotation Averaging},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV)},
month = {December},
year = {2013}