Hierarchical Data-Driven Descent for Efficient Optimal Deformation Estimation

Yuandong Tian, Srinivasa G. Narasimhan; Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), 2013, pp. 2288-2295


Real-world surfaces such as clothing, water and human body deform in complex ways. The image distortions observed are high-dimensional and non-linear, making it hard to estimate these deformations accurately. The recent datadriven descent approach [17] applies Nearest Neighbor estimators iteratively on a particular distribution of training samples to obtain a globally optimal and dense deformation field between a template and a distorted image. In this work, we develop a hierarchical structure for the Nearest Neighbor estimators, each of which can have only a local image support. We demonstrate in both theory and practice that this algorithm has several advantages over the nonhierarchical version: it guarantees global optimality with significantly fewer training samples, is several orders faster, provides a metric to decide whether a given image is "hard" (or "easy") requiring more (or less) samples, and can handle more complex scenes that include both global motion and local deformation. The proposed algorithm successfully tracks a broad range of non-rigid scenes including water, clothing, and medical images, and compares favorably against several other deformation estimation and tracking approaches that do not provide optimality guarantees.

Related Material

author = {Tian, Yuandong and Narasimhan, Srinivasa G.},
title = {Hierarchical Data-Driven Descent for Efficient Optimal Deformation Estimation},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV)},
month = {December},
year = {2013}