Beyond White: Ground Truth Colors for Color Constancy Correction

Dongliang Cheng, Brian Price, Scott Cohen, Michael S. Brown; Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), 2015, pp. 298-306


A limitation in color constancy research is the inability to establish ground truth colors for evaluating corrected images. Many existing datasets contain images of scenes with a color chart included; however, only the chart's neutral colors (grayscale patches) are used to provide the ground truth for illumination estimation and correction. This is because the corrected neutral colors are known to lie along the achromatic line in the camera's color space (i.e. R=G=B) ; the correct RGB values of the other color patches are not known. As a result, most methods estimate a 3*3 diagonal matrix that ensures only the neutral colors are correct. In this paper, we describe how to overcome this limitation. Specifically, we show that under certain illuminations, a diagonal 3*3 matrix is capable of correcting not only neutral colors, but all the colors in a scene. This finding allows us to find the ground truth RGB values for the color chart in the camera's color space. We show how to use this information to correct all the images in existing datasets to have correct colors. Working from these new color corrected datasets, we describe how to modify existing color constancy algorithms to perform better image correction.

Related Material

author = {Cheng, Dongliang and Price, Brian and Cohen, Scott and Brown, Michael S.},
title = {Beyond White: Ground Truth Colors for Color Constancy Correction},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV)},
month = {December},
year = {2015}