Exploring Causal Relationships in Visual Object Tracking

Karel Lebeda, Simon Hadfield, Richard Bowden; Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), 2015, pp. 3065-3073


Causal relationships can often be found in visual object tracking between the motions of the camera and that of the tracked object. This object motion may be an effect of the camera motion, e.g. an unsteady handheld camera. But it may also be the cause, e.g. the cameraman framing the ob- ject. In this paper we explore these relationships, and pro- vide statistical tools to detect and quantify them; these are based on transfer entropy and stem from information the- ory. The relationships are then exploited to make predic- tions about the object location. The approach is shown to be an excellent measure for describing such relationships. On the VOT2013 dataset the prediction accuracy is increased by 62 % over the best non-causal predictor. We show that the location predictions are robust to camera shake and sud- den motion, which is invaluable for any tracking algorithm and demonstrate this by applying causal prediction to two state-of-the-art trackers. Both of them benefit, Struck gain- ing a 7 % accuracy and 22 % robustness increase on the VTB1.1 benchmark, becoming the new state-of-the-art.

Related Material

author = {Lebeda, Karel and Hadfield, Simon and Bowden, Richard},
title = {Exploring Causal Relationships in Visual Object Tracking},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV)},
month = {December},
year = {2015}