Classical Scaling Revisited

Gil Shamai, Yonathan Aflalo, Michael Zibulevsky, Ron Kimmel; Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), 2015, pp. 2255-2263


Multidimensional-scaling (MDS) is an information analysis tool. It involves the evaluation of distances between data points, which is a quadratic space-time problem. Then, MDS procedures find an embedding of the points in a low dimensional Euclidean (flat) domain, optimizing for the similarity of inter-points distances. We present an efficient solver for Classical Scaling (a specific MDS model) by extending the distances measured from a subset of the points to the rest, while exploiting the smoothness property of the distance functions. The smoothness is measured by the L2 norm of the Laplace-Beltrami operator applied to the unknown distance function. The Laplace Beltrami reflects the local differential relations between points, and can be computed in linear time. Classical-scaling is thereby reformulated into a quasi-linear space-time complexities procedure.

Related Material

author = {Shamai, Gil and Aflalo, Yonathan and Zibulevsky, Michael and Kimmel, Ron},
title = {Classical Scaling Revisited},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV)},
month = {December},
year = {2015}