Similarity Gaussian Process Latent Variable Model for Multi-Modal Data Analysis

Guoli Song, Shuhui Wang, Qingming Huang, Qi Tian; Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), 2015, pp. 4050-4058


Data from real applications involve multiple modalities representing content with the same semantics and deliver rich information from complementary aspects. However, relations among heterogeneous modalities are simply treated as observation-to-fit by existing work, and the parameterized cross-modal mapping functions lack flexibility in directly adapting to the content divergence and semantic complicacy of multi-modal data. In this paper, we build our work based on Gaussian process latent variable model (GPLVM) to learn the non-linear non-parametric mapping functions and transform heterogeneous data into a shared latent space. We propose multi-modal Similarity Gaussian Process latent variable model (m-SimGP), which learns the nonlinear mapping functions between the intra-modal similarities and latent representation. We further propose multi-modal regularized similarity GPLVM (m-RSimGP) by encouraging similar/dissimilar points to be similar/dissimilar in the output space. The overall objective functions are solved by simple and scalable gradient decent techniques. The proposed models are robust to content divergence and high-dimensionality in multi-modal representation. They can be applied to various tasks to discover the non-linear correlations and obtain the comparable low-dimensional representation for heterogeneous modalities. On two widely used real-world datasets, we outperform previous approaches for cross-modal content retrieval and cross-modal classification.

Related Material

author = {Song, Guoli and Wang, Shuhui and Huang, Qingming and Tian, Qi},
title = {Similarity Gaussian Process Latent Variable Model for Multi-Modal Data Analysis},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV)},
month = {December},
year = {2015}