Bi-box Regression for Pedestrian Detection and Occlusion Estimation

Chunluan Zhou, Junsong Yuan; The European Conference on Computer Vision (ECCV), 2018, pp. 135-151


Occlusions present a great challenge for pedestrian detection in practical applications. In this paper, we propose a novel approach to simultaneous pedestrian detection and occlusion estimation by regressing two bounding boxes to localize the full body as well as the visible part of a pedestrian respectively. For this purpose, we learn a deep convolutional neural network (CNN) consisting of two branches, one for full body estimation and the other for visible part estimation. The two branches are treated differently during training such that they are learned to produce complementary outputs which can be further fused to improve detection performance. The full body estimation branch is trained to regress full body regions for positive pedestrian proposals, while the visible part estimation branch is trained to regress visible part regions for both positive and negative pedestrian proposals. The visible part region of a negative pedestrian proposal is forced to shrink to its center. In addition, we introduce a new criterion for selecting positive training examples, which contributes largely to heavily occluded pedestrian detection. We validate the effectiveness of the proposed bi-box regression approach on the Caltech and CityPersons datasets. Experimental results show that our approach achieves promising performance for detecting both non-occluded and occluded pedestrians, especially heavily occluded ones.

Related Material

author = {Zhou, Chunluan and Yuan, Junsong},
title = {Bi-box Regression for Pedestrian Detection and Occlusion Estimation},
booktitle = {The European Conference on Computer Vision (ECCV)},
month = {September},
year = {2018}