SSAP: Single-Shot Instance Segmentation With Affinity Pyramid

Naiyu Gao, Yanhu Shan, Yupei Wang, Xin Zhao, Yinan Yu, Ming Yang, Kaiqi Huang; The IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), 2019, pp. 642-651


Recently, proposal-free instance segmentation has received increasing attention due to its concise and efficient pipeline. Generally, proposal-free methods generate instance-agnostic semantic segmentation labels and instance-aware features to group pixels into different object instances. However, previous methods mostly employ separate modules for these two sub-tasks and require multiple passes for inference. We argue that treating these two sub-tasks separately is suboptimal. In fact, employing multiple separate modules significantly reduces the potential for application. The mutual benefits between the two complementary sub-tasks are also unexplored. To this end, this work proposes a single-shot proposal-free instance segmentation method that requires only one single pass for prediction. Our method is based on a pixel-pair affinity pyramid, which computes the probability that two pixels belong to the same instance in a hierarchical manner. The affinity pyramid can also be jointly learned with the semantic class labeling and achieve mutual benefits. Moreover, incorporating with the learned affinity pyramid, a novel cascaded graph partition module is presented to sequentially generate instances from coarse to fine. Unlike previous time-consuming graph partition methods, this module achieves 5x speedup and 9% relative improvement on Average-Precision (AP). Our approach achieves new state of the art on the challenging Cityscapes dataset.

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author = {Gao, Naiyu and Shan, Yanhu and Wang, Yupei and Zhao, Xin and Yu, Yinan and Yang, Ming and Huang, Kaiqi},
title = {SSAP: Single-Shot Instance Segmentation With Affinity Pyramid},
booktitle = {The IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV)},
month = {October},
year = {2019}