Spectral Regularization for Combating Mode Collapse in GANs

Kanglin Liu, Wenming Tang, Fei Zhou, Guoping Qiu; The IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), 2019, pp. 6382-6390

Abstract


Despite excellent progress in recent years, mode collapse remains a major unsolved problem in generative adversarial networks (GANs). In this paper, we present spectral regularization for GANs (SR-GANs), a new and robust method for combating the mode collapse problem in GANs. Theoretical analysis shows that the optimal solution to the discriminator has a strong relationship to the spectral distributions of the weight matrix. Therefore, we monitor the spectral distribution in the discriminator of spectral normalized GANs (SN-GANs), and discover a phenomenon which we refer to as spectral collapse, where a large number of singular values of the weight matrices drop dramatically when mode collapse occurs. We show that there are strong evidence linking mode collapse to spectral collapse; and based on this link, we set out to tackle spectral collapse as a surrogate of mode collapse. We have developed a spectral regularization method where we compensate the spectral distributions of the weight matrices to prevent them from collapsing, which in turn successfully prevents mode collapse in GANs. We provide theoretical explanations for why SR-GANs are more stable and can provide better performances than SN-GANs. We also present extensive experimental results and analysis to show that SR-GANs not only always outperform SN-GANs but also always succeed in combating mode collapse where SN-GANs fail.

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[bibtex]
@InProceedings{Liu_2019_ICCV,
author = {Liu, Kanglin and Tang, Wenming and Zhou, Fei and Qiu, Guoping},
title = {Spectral Regularization for Combating Mode Collapse in GANs},
booktitle = {The IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV)},
month = {October},
year = {2019}
}