ASP Vision: Optically Computing the First Layer of Convolutional Neural Networks Using Angle Sensitive Pixels

Huaijin G. Chen, Suren Jayasuriya, Jiyue Yang, Judy Stephen, Sriram Sivaramakrishnan, Ashok Veeraraghavan, Alyosha Molnar; The IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), 2016, pp. 903-912

Abstract


Deep learning using convolutional neural networks (CNNs) is quickly becoming the state-of-the-art for challenging computer vision applications. However, deep learning's power consumption and bandwidth requirements currently limit its application in embedded and mobile systems with tight energy budgets. In this paper, we explore the energy savings of optically computing the first layer of CNNs. To do so, we utilize bio-inspired Angle Sensitive Pixels (ASPs), custom CMOS diffractive image sensors which act similar to Gabor filter banks in the V1 layer of the human visual cortex. ASPs replace both image sensing and the first layer of a conventional CNN by directly performing optical edge filtering, saving sensing energy, data bandwidth, and CNN FLOPS to compute. Our experimental results (both on synthetic data and a hardware prototype) for a variety of vision tasks such as digit recognition, object recognition, and face identification demonstrate 97% reduction in image sensor power consumption and 90% reduction in data bandwidth from sensor to CPU, while achieving similar performance compared to traditional deep learning pipelines.

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[bibtex]
@InProceedings{Chen_2016_CVPR,
author = {Chen, Huaijin G. and Jayasuriya, Suren and Yang, Jiyue and Stephen, Judy and Sivaramakrishnan, Sriram and Veeraraghavan, Ashok and Molnar, Alyosha},
title = {ASP Vision: Optically Computing the First Layer of Convolutional Neural Networks Using Angle Sensitive Pixels},
booktitle = {The IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)},
month = {June},
year = {2016}
}