Real-Time Video Super-Resolution With Spatio-Temporal Networks and Motion Compensation

Jose Caballero, Christian Ledig, Andrew Aitken, Alejandro Acosta, Johannes Totz, Zehan Wang, Wenzhe Shi; The IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), 2017, pp. 4778-4787

Abstract


Convolutional neural networks have enabled accurate image super-resolution in real-time. However, recent attempts to benefit from temporal correlations in video super-resolution have been limited to naive or inefficient architectures. In this paper, we introduce spatio-temporal sub-pixel convolution networks that effectively exploit temporal redundancies and improve reconstruction accuracy while maintaining real-time speed. Specifically, we discuss the use of early fusion, slow fusion and 3D convolutions for the joint processing of multiple consecutive video frames. We also propose a novel joint motion compensation and video super-resolution algorithm that is orders of magnitude more efficient than competing methods, relying on a fast multi-resolution spatial transformer module that is end-to-end trainable. These contributions provide both higher accuracy and temporally more consistent videos, which we confirm qualitatively and quantitatively. Relative to single-frame models, spatio-temporal networks can either reduce the computational cost by 30% whilst maintaining the same quality or provide a 0.2dB gain for a similar computational cost. Results on publicly available datasets demonstrate that the proposed algorithms surpass current state-of-the-art performance in both accuracy and efficiency.

Related Material


[pdf] [arXiv] [poster]
[bibtex]
@InProceedings{Caballero_2017_CVPR,
author = {Caballero, Jose and Ledig, Christian and Aitken, Andrew and Acosta, Alejandro and Totz, Johannes and Wang, Zehan and Shi, Wenzhe},
title = {Real-Time Video Super-Resolution With Spatio-Temporal Networks and Motion Compensation},
booktitle = {The IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)},
month = {July},
year = {2017}
}