Matryoshka Networks: Predicting 3D Geometry via Nested Shape Layers

Stephan R. Richter, Stefan Roth; The IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), 2018, pp. 1936-1944

Abstract


In this paper, we develop novel, efficient 2D encodings for 3D geometry, which enable reconstructing full 3D shapes from a single image at high resolution. The key idea is to pose 3D shape reconstruction as a 2D prediction problem. To that end, we first develop a simple baseline network that predicts entire voxel tubes at each pixel of a reference view. By leveraging well-proven architectures for 2D pixel-prediction tasks, we attain state-of-the-art results, clearly outperforming purely voxel-based approaches. We scale this baseline to higher resolutions by proposing a memory-efficient shape encoding, which recursively decomposes a 3D shape into nested shape layers, similar to the pieces of a Matryoshka doll. This allows reconstructing highly detailed shapes with complex topology, as demonstrated in extensive experiments; we clearly outperform previous octree-based approaches despite having a much simpler architecture using standard network components. Our Matryoshka networks further enable reconstructing shapes from IDs or shape similarity, as well as shape sampling.

Related Material


[pdf] [Supp] [arXiv]
[bibtex]
@InProceedings{Richter_2018_CVPR,
author = {Richter, Stephan R. and Roth, Stefan},
title = {Matryoshka Networks: Predicting 3D Geometry via Nested Shape Layers},
booktitle = {The IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)},
month = {June},
year = {2018}
}