Using Psychophysical Methods to Understand Mechanisms of Face Identification in a Deep Neural Network

Tian Xu, Oliver Garrod, Steven H. Scholte, Robin Ince, Philippe G. Schyns; The IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR) Workshops, 2018, pp. 1976-1984

Abstract


Deep Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) have been one of the most influential recent developments in computer vision, particularly for categorization. The promise of CNNs is at least two-fold. First, they represent the best engineering solution to successfully tackle the foundational task of visual categorization with a performance level that even exceeds that of humans. Second, for computational neuroscience, CNNs provide a testable modelling platform for visual categorizations inspired by the multi-layered organization of visual cortex. Here, we used a 3D generative model to control the variance of information learned to identify 2,000 face identities in one CNN architecture (10-layer ResNet). We generated 25M face images to train the network by randomly sampling intrinsic (i.e. face morphology, gender, age, expression and ethnicity) and extrinsic factors of face variance (i.e. 3D pose, illumination, scale and 2D translation). At testing, the network performed with 99% generalization accuracy for face identity across variations of intrinsic and extrinsic factors. State-of-the-art information mapping techniques from psychophysics (i.e. Representational Similarity Analysis and Bubbles) revealed respectively the network layer at which factors of variance are resolved and the face features that are used for identity. By explicitly controlling the generative factors of face information, we provide an alternative framework based on human psychophysics to understand information processing in CNNs.

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[bibtex]
@InProceedings{Xu_2018_CVPR_Workshops,
author = {Xu, Tian and Garrod, Oliver and Scholte, Steven H. and Ince, Robin and Schyns, Philippe G.},
title = {Using Psychophysical Methods to Understand Mechanisms of Face Identification in a Deep Neural Network},
booktitle = {The IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR) Workshops},
month = {June},
year = {2018}
}