Semi-Global Weighted Least Squares in Image Filtering

Wei Liu, Xiaogang Chen, Chuanhua Shen, Zhi Liu, Jie Yang; The IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), 2017, pp. 5861-5869


Solving the global method of Weighted Least Squares (WLS) model in image filtering is both time- and memory-consuming. In this paper, we present an alternative approximation in a time- and memory- efficient manner which is denoted as Semi-Global Weighed Least Squares (SG-WLS). Instead of solving a large linear system, we propose to iteratively solve a sequence of subsystems which are one-dimensional WLS models. Although each subsystem is one-dimensional, it can take two-dimensional neighborhood information into account due to the proposed special neighborhood construction. We show such a desirable property makes our SG-WLS achieve close performance to the original two-dimensional WLS model but with much less time and memory cost. While previous related methods mainly focus on the 4-connected/8-connected neighborhood system, our SG-WLS can handle a more general and larger neighborhood system thanks to the proposed fast solution. We show such a generalization can achieve better performance than the 4-connected/8-connected neighborhood system in some applications. Our SG-WLS is ~20 times faster than the WLS model. For an image of MxN, the memory cost of SG-WLS is at most at the magnitude of max\ 1 / M, 1 / N\ of that of the WLS model. We show the effectiveness and efficiency of our SG-WLS in a range of applications.

Related Material

[pdf] [arXiv]
author = {Liu, Wei and Chen, Xiaogang and Shen, Chuanhua and Liu, Zhi and Yang, Jie},
title = {Semi-Global Weighted Least Squares in Image Filtering},
booktitle = {The IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV)},
month = {Oct},
year = {2017}