A^2: Adaptive Augmentation for Effectively Mitigating Dataset Bias

Jaeju An, Taejune Kim, Donggeun Ko, Sangyup Lee, Simon S Woo; Proceedings of the Asian Conference on Computer Vision (ACCV), 2022, pp. 4077-4092


Recently, deep neural networks (DNNs) have become the de facto standard to achieve outstanding performances and demonstrate significant impact on various computer vision tasks for real-world scenarios. However, the trained networks can often suffer from overfitting issues due to the unintended bias in a dataset causing inaccurate, unreliable, and untrustworthy results. Thus, recent studies have attempted to remove bias by augmenting the bias-conflict samples to address this challenge. Yet, it still remains a challenge since generating bias-conflict samples without human supervision is generally difficult. To tackle this problem, we propose a novel augmentation framework, Adaptive Augmentation (A^2), based on a generative model that help classifiers learn debiased representations. Our framework consists of three steps: 1) extracting bias-conflict samples from a biased dataset in an unsupervised manner, 2) training a generative model with the biased dataset and adapting the learned biased distribution to the extracted bias-conflict samples' distribution, and 3) augmenting bias-conflict samples by translating bias-align samples. Therefore, our classifier can effectively learn the debiased representation without human supervision. Our extensive experimental results demonstrate that A^2 effectively augments bias-conflict samples, mitigating widespread bias issues. The code is available in here.

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@InProceedings{An_2022_ACCV, author = {An, Jaeju and Kim, Taejune and Ko, Donggeun and Lee, Sangyup and Woo, Simon S}, title = {A{\textasciicircum}2: Adaptive Augmentation for Effectively Mitigating Dataset Bias}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the Asian Conference on Computer Vision (ACCV)}, month = {December}, year = {2022}, pages = {4077-4092} }