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Neural Residual Flow Fields for Efficient Video Representations
Neural fields have emerged as a powerful paradigm for representing various signals, including videos. However, research on improving the parameter efficiency of neural fields is still in its early stages. Even though neural fields that map coordinates to colors can be used to encode video signals, this scheme does not exploit the spatial and temporal redundancy of video signals. Inspired by standard video compression algorithms, we propose a neural field architecture for representing and compressing videos that deliberately removes data redundancy through the use of motion information across video frames. Maintaining motion information, which is typically smoother and less complex than color signals, requires a far fewer number of parameters. Furthermore, reusing color values through motion information further improves the network parameter efficiency. In addition, we suggest using more than one reference frame for video frame reconstruction and separate networks, one for optical flows and the other for residuals. Experimental results have shown that the proposed method outperforms the baseline methods by a significant margin.