Turning Frequency to Resolution: Video Super-Resolution via Event Cameras
State-of-the-art video super-resolution (VSR) methods focus on exploiting inter- and intra-frame correlations to estimate high-resolution (HR) video frames from low-resolution (LR) ones. In this paper, we study VSR from an exotic perspective, by explicitly looking into the role of temporal frequency of video frames. Through experiments, we observe that a higher frequency, and hence a smaller pixel displacement between consecutive frames, tends to deliver favorable super-resolved results. This discovery motivates us to introduce Event Cameras, a novel sensing device that responds instantly to pixel intensity changes and produces up to millions of asynchronous events per second, to facilitate VSR. To this end, we propose an Event-based VSR framework (E-VSR), of which the key component is an asynchronous interpolation (EAI) module that reconstructs a high-frequency (HF) video stream with uniform and tiny pixel displacements between neighboring frames from an event stream. The derived HF video stream is then encoded into a VSR module to recover the desired HR videos. Furthermore, an LR bi-directional interpolation loss and an HR self-supervision loss are also introduced to respectively regulate the EAI and VSR modules. Experiments on both real-world and synthetic datasets demonstrate that the proposed approach yields results superior to the state of the art.