Micro-Expression Classification Based on Landmark Relations With Graph Attention Convolutional Network
Facial micro-expressions are brief, rapid, spontaneous gestures of the facial muscles that express an individual's genuine emotions. Because of their short duration and subtlety, detecting and classifying these micro-expressions by humans and machines is difficult. In this paper, a novel approach is proposed that exploits relationships between landmark points and the optical flow patch for the given landmark points. It consists of a two-stream graph attention convolutional network that extracts the relationships between the landmark points and local texture using an optical flow patch. A graph structure is built to draw out temporal information using the triplet of frames. One stream is for node feature location, and the other one is for a patch of optical-flow information. These two streams (node location stream and optical flow stream) are fused for classification. The results are shown on, CASME II and SAMM, publicly available datasets, for three classes and five classes of micro-expressions. The proposed approach outperforms the state-of-the-art methods for 3 and 5 categories of expressions.