Discovering Multi-Hardware Mobile Models via Architecture Search

Grace Chu, Okan Arikan, Gabriel Bender, Weijun Wang, Achille Brighton, Pieter-Jan Kindermans, Hanxiao Liu, Berkin Akin, Suyog Gupta, Andrew Howard; Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR) Workshops, 2021, pp. 3022-3031


Hardware-aware neural architecture designs have been predominantly focusing on optimizing model performance on single hardware and model development complexity, where another important factor, model deployment complexity, has been largely ignored. In this paper, we argue that, for applications that may be deployed on multiple hardware, having different single-hardware models across the deployed hardware makes it hard to guarantee consistent outputs across hardware and duplicates engineering work for debugging and fixing. To minimize such deployment cost, we propose an alternative solution, multi-hardware models, where a single architecture is developed for multiple hardware. With thoughtful search space design and incorporating the proposed multi-hardware metrics in neural architecture search, we discover multi-hardware models that give state-of-the-art (SoTA) performance across multiple hardware in both average and worse case scenarios. For performance on individual hardware, the single multi-hardware model yields similar or better results than SoTA performance on accelerators like GPU, DSP and EdgeTPU which was achieved by different models, while having similar performance with MobilenetV3 Large Minimalistic model on mobile CPU.

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[pdf] [arXiv]
@InProceedings{Chu_2021_CVPR, author = {Chu, Grace and Arikan, Okan and Bender, Gabriel and Wang, Weijun and Brighton, Achille and Kindermans, Pieter-Jan and Liu, Hanxiao and Akin, Berkin and Gupta, Suyog and Howard, Andrew}, title = {Discovering Multi-Hardware Mobile Models via Architecture Search}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR) Workshops}, month = {June}, year = {2021}, pages = {3022-3031} }