- [pdf] [supp] [arXiv]
Efficient Pre-Trained Features and Recurrent Pseudo-Labeling in Unsupervised Domain Adaptation
Domain adaptation (DA) mitigates the domain shift problem when transferring knowledge from one annotated domain to another similar but different unlabeled domain. However, existing models often utilize one of the ImageNet models as the backbone without exploring others, and fine-tuning or retraining the backbone ImageNet model is also time-consuming. Moreover, pseudo-labeling has been used to improve the performance in the target domain, while how to generate confident pseudo labels and explicitly align domain distributions has not been well addressed. In this paper, we show how to efficiently opt for the best pre-trained features from seventeen well-known ImageNet models in unsupervised DA problems. In addition, we propose a recurrent pseudo-labeling model using the best pre-trained features (termed PRPL) to improve classification performance. To show the effectiveness of PRPL, we evaluate it on three benchmark datasets, Office+Caltech-10, Office-31, and Office-Home. Extensive experiments show that our model reduces computation time and boosts the mean accuracy to 98.1%, 92.4%, and 81.2%, respectively, substantially outperforming the state of the art.