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Finding Facial Forgery Artifacts With Parts-Based Detectors
Manipulated videos, especially those where the identity of an individual has been modified using deep neural networks, are becoming an increasingly relevant threat in the modern day. In this paper, we seek to develop a generalizable, explainable solution to detecting these manipulated videos. To achieve this, we design a series of forgery detection systems that each focus on one individual part of the face. These parts-based detection systems, which can be combined and used together in a single architecture, meet all of our desired criteria - they generalize effectively between datasets and give us valuable insights into what the network is looking at when making its decision. We thus use these detectors to perform detailed empirical analysis on the FaceForensics++, Celeb-DF, and Facebook Deepfake Detection Challenge datasets, examining not just what the detectors find but also collecting and analyzing useful related statistics on the datasets themselves.