Collaborative Image and Object Level Features for Image Colourisation

Rita Pucci, Christian Micheloni, Niki Martinel; Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR) Workshops, 2021, pp. 2160-2169


Image colourisation is an ill-posed problem, with multiple correct solutions which depend on the context and object instances present in the input datum. Previous approaches attacked the problem either by requiring intense user-interactions or by exploiting the ability of convolutional neural networks (CNNs) in learning image-level(context) features. However, obtaining human hints is not always feasible and CNNs alone are not able to learn entity-level semantics unless multiple models pre-trained with supervision are considered. In this work, we propose a single network, named UCapsNet, that takes into consideration the image-level features obtained through convolutions and entity-level features captured by means of capsules. Then, by skip connections over different layers, we enforce collaboration between such the convolutional and entity factors to produce a high-quality and plausible image colourisation. We pose the problem as a classification task that can be addressed by a fully unsupervised approach, thus requires no human effort. Experimental results on three benchmark datasets show that our approach outperforms existing methods on standard quality metrics and achieves state-of-the-art performances on image colourisation. A large scale user study shows that our method is preferred over existing solutions.

Related Material

@InProceedings{Pucci_2021_CVPR, author = {Pucci, Rita and Micheloni, Christian and Martinel, Niki}, title = {Collaborative Image and Object Level Features for Image Colourisation}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR) Workshops}, month = {June}, year = {2021}, pages = {2160-2169} }