Multimodal Dynamics: Dynamical Fusion for Trustworthy Multimodal Classification

Zongbo Han, Fan Yang, Junzhou Huang, Changqing Zhang, Jianhua Yao; Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), 2022, pp. 20707-20717


Integration of heterogeneous and high-dimensional data (e.g., multiomics) is becoming increasingly important. Existing multimodal classification algorithms mainly focus on improving performance by exploiting the complementarity from different modalities. However, conventional approaches are basically weak in providing trustworthy multimodal fusion, especially for safety-critical applications (e.g., medical diagnosis). For this issue, we propose a novel trustworthy multimodal classification algorithm termed Multimodal Dynamics, which dynamically evaluates both the feature-level and modality-level informativeness for different samples and thus trustworthily integrates multiple modalities. Specifically, a sparse gating is introduced to capture the information variation of each within-modality feature and the true class probability is employed to assess the classification confidence of each modality. Then a transparent fusion algorithm based on the dynamical informativeness estimation strategy is induced. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first work to jointly model both feature and modality variation for different samples to provide trustworthy fusion in multi-modal classification. Extensive experiments are conducted on multimodal medical classification datasets. In these experiments, superior performance and trustworthiness of our algorithm are clearly validated compared to the state-of-the-art methods.

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@InProceedings{Han_2022_CVPR, author = {Han, Zongbo and Yang, Fan and Huang, Junzhou and Zhang, Changqing and Yao, Jianhua}, title = {Multimodal Dynamics: Dynamical Fusion for Trustworthy Multimodal Classification}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)}, month = {June}, year = {2022}, pages = {20707-20717} }