Panoptic Neural Fields: A Semantic Object-Aware Neural Scene Representation

Abhijit Kundu, Kyle Genova, Xiaoqi Yin, Alireza Fathi, Caroline Pantofaru, Leonidas J. Guibas, Andrea Tagliasacchi, Frank Dellaert, Thomas Funkhouser; Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), 2022, pp. 12871-12881


We present PanopticNeRF, an object-aware neural scene representation that decomposes a scene into a set of objects (things) and background (stuff). Each object is represented by a separate MLP that takes a position, direction, and time and outputs density and radiance. The background is represented by a similar MLP that also outputs semantics. Importantly, the object MLPs are specific to each instance and initialized with meta-learning, and thus can be smaller and faster than previous object-aware approaches, while still leveraging category-specific priors. We propose a system to infer the PanopticNeRF representation from a set of color images. We use off-the-shelf algorithms to predict camera poses, object bounding boxes, object categories, and 2D image semantic segmentations. Then we jointly optimize the MLP weights and bounding box parameters using analysis-by-synthesis with self-supervision from the color images and pseudo-supervision from predicted semantic segmentations. PanopticNeRF can be effectively used for multiple 2D and 3D tasks like 3D scene editing, 3D panoptic reconstruction, novel view and semantic synthesis, 2D panoptic segmentation, and multiview depth prediction. We demonstrate these applications on several difficult, dynamic scenes with moving objects.

Related Material

[pdf] [arXiv]
@InProceedings{Kundu_2022_CVPR, author = {Kundu, Abhijit and Genova, Kyle and Yin, Xiaoqi and Fathi, Alireza and Pantofaru, Caroline and Guibas, Leonidas J. and Tagliasacchi, Andrea and Dellaert, Frank and Funkhouser, Thomas}, title = {Panoptic Neural Fields: A Semantic Object-Aware Neural Scene Representation}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)}, month = {June}, year = {2022}, pages = {12871-12881} }