GIQE: Generic Image Quality Enhancement via Nth Order Iterative Degradation

Pranjay Shyam, Kyung-Soo Kim, Kuk-Jin Yoon; Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), 2022, pp. 2077-2087


Visual degradations caused by motion blur, raindrop, rain, snow, illumination, and fog deteriorate image quality and, subsequently, the performance of perception algorithms deployed in outdoor conditions. While degradation-specific image restoration techniques have been extensively studied, such algorithms are domain sensitive and fail in real scenarios where multiple degradations exist simultaneously. This makes a case for blind image restoration and reconstruction algorithms as practically relevant. However, the absence of a dataset diverse enough to encapsulate all variations hinders development for such an algorithm. In this paper, we utilize a synthetic degradation model that recursively applies sets of random degradations to generate naturalistic degradation images of varying complexity, which are used as input. Furthermore, as the degradation intensity can vary across an image, the spatially invariant convolutional filter cannot be applied for all degradations. Hence to enable spatial variance during image restoration and reconstruction, we design a transformer-based architecture to benefit from the long-range dependencies. In addition, to reduce the computational cost of transformers, we propose a multi-branch structure coupled with modifications such as a complimentary feature selection mechanism and the replacement of a feed-forward network with lightweight multiscale convolutions. Finally, to improve restoration and reconstruction, we integrate an auxiliary decoder branch to predict the degradation mask to ensure the underlying network can localize the degradation information. From empirical analysis on 10 datasets covering rain drop removal, deraining, dehazing, image enhancement, and deblurring, we demonstrate the efficacy of the proposed approach while obtaining SoTA performance.

Related Material

[pdf] [supp]
@InProceedings{Shyam_2022_CVPR, author = {Shyam, Pranjay and Kim, Kyung-Soo and Yoon, Kuk-Jin}, title = {GIQE: Generic Image Quality Enhancement via Nth Order Iterative Degradation}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)}, month = {June}, year = {2022}, pages = {2077-2087} }