Towards Efficient Data Free Black-Box Adversarial Attack

Jie Zhang, Bo Li, Jianghe Xu, Shuang Wu, Shouhong Ding, Lei Zhang, Chao Wu; Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), 2022, pp. 15115-15125


Classic black-box adversarial attacks can take advantage of transferable adversarial examples generated by a similar substitute model to successfully fool the target model. However, these substitute models need to be trained by target models' training data, which is hard to acquire due to privacy or transmission reasons. Recognizing the limited availability of real data for adversarial queries, recent works proposed to train substitute models in a data-free black-box scenario. However, their generative adversarial networks (GANs) based framework suffers from the convergence failure and the model collapse, resulting in low efficiency. In this paper, by rethinking the collaborative relationship between the generator and the substitute model, we design a novel black-box attack framework. The proposed method can efficiently imitate the target model through a small number of queries and achieve high attack success rate. The comprehensive experiments over six datasets demonstrate the effectiveness of our method against the state-of-the-art attacks. Especially, we conduct both label-only and probability-only attacks on the Microsoft Azure online model, and achieve a 100% attack success rate with only 0.46% query budget of the SOTA method [??].

Related Material

@InProceedings{Zhang_2022_CVPR, author = {Zhang, Jie and Li, Bo and Xu, Jianghe and Wu, Shuang and Ding, Shouhong and Zhang, Lei and Wu, Chao}, title = {Towards Efficient Data Free Black-Box Adversarial Attack}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)}, month = {June}, year = {2022}, pages = {15115-15125} }