Strain Detection Based on Breath and Motion Features Obtained by a Force Sensor for Smart Toilet Systems
Aging people may be prone to accidents in bathrooms and toilets. The detection of strain motion for a smart toilet application has not been studied sufficiently. In this paper, we propose a method for strain detection from a force sensor placed on a toilet seat for a smart toilet healthcare application. The method first extracts breath and motion features that are assumed to be key components for the strain detection. The method then learns the discriminator model based on the random forest classifier using the aforementioned features. Finally, the method recognizes actions in the toilet room. There were five detection actions: seating, taking up toilet paper, wiping bottom, which are normal actions when sitting on a toilet seat, and strain actions (strong and weak). An experiment with 19 subjects was also conducted. Compared with a microwave sensor-based recognition, which is a conventional method (accuracy = 61.6%), our method was able to recognize the actions with high accuracy of 80.2% (significant test: T = 12.7, P < 0.01) in the experiment. Our strain detection method has the potential to be used as a smart toilet system to prevent blood pressure elevation and collapse caused by strain in the future.