MAPLE-Edge: A Runtime Latency Predictor for Edge Devices

Saeejith Nair, Saad Abbasi, Alexander Wong, Mohammad Javad Shafiee; Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR) Workshops, 2022, pp. 3660-3668


Neural Architecture Search (NAS) has enabled automatic discovery of more efficient neural network architectures, especially for mobile and embedded vision applications. Although recent research has proposed ways of quickly estimating latency on unseen hardware devices with just a few samples, little focus has been given to the challenges of estimating latency on runtimes using optimized graphs, such as TensorRT and specifically for edge devices. As devices like NVIDIA's Jetsons get more popular in embedded computing and robotics, we observe a pressing need to more accurately estimate inference latency of neural network architectures on diverse runtimes, including highly optimized ones. In this work, we propose MAPLE-Edge, an edge device-oriented extension of MAPLE, the state-of-the-art latency predictor for general purpose hardware, where we train a regression network on architecture-latency pairs in conjunction with a hardware-runtime descriptor to effectively estimate latency on a diverse pool of edge devices. Compared to MAPLE, MAPLE-Edge can describe the runtime and target device platform using a much smaller set of CPU performance counters that are widely available on all Linux kernels, while still achieving up to +49.6% accuracy gains against previous state-of-the-art baseline methods on optimized edge device runtimes, using just 10 measurements from an unseen target device. We also demonstrate that unlike MAPLE which performs best when trained on a pool of devices sharing a common runtime, MAPLE-Edge can effectively generalize across runtimes by applying a trick of normalizing performance counters by the operator latency, in the measured hardware-runtime descriptor. Lastly, we show that for runtimes exhibiting lower than desired accuracy, performance can be boosted by collecting additional samples from the target device, with an extra 90 samples translating to gains of nearly +40%.

Related Material

@InProceedings{Nair_2022_CVPR, author = {Nair, Saeejith and Abbasi, Saad and Wong, Alexander and Shafiee, Mohammad Javad}, title = {MAPLE-Edge: A Runtime Latency Predictor for Edge Devices}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR) Workshops}, month = {June}, year = {2022}, pages = {3660-3668} }