Red-Teaming Segment Anything Model

Krzysztof Jankowski, Bartlomiej Sobieski, Mateusz Kwiatkowski, Jakub Szulc, Michał Janik, Hubert Baniecki, Przemysław Biecek; Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR) Workshops, 2024, pp. 2947-2956


Foundation models have emerged as pivotal tools tackling many complex tasks through pre-training on vast datasets and subsequent fine-tuning for specific applications. The Segment Anything Model is one of the first and most well-known foundation models for computer vision segmentation tasks. This work presents a multi-faceted red-teaming analysis that tests the Segment Anything Model against challenging tasks: (1) We analyze the impact of style transfer on segmentation masks demonstrating that applying adverse weather conditions and raindrops to dashboard images of city roads significantly distorts generated masks. (2) We focus on assessing whether the model can be used for attacks on privacy such as recognizing celebrities' faces and show that the model possesses some undesired knowledge in this task. (3) Finally we check how robust the model is to adversarial attacks on segmentation masks under text prompts. We not only show the effectiveness of popular white-box attacks and resistance to black-box attacks but also introduce a novel approach - Focused Iterative Gradient Attack (FIGA) that combines white-box approaches to construct an efficient attack resulting in a smaller number of modified pixels. All of our testing methods and analyses indicate a need for enhanced safety measures in foundation models for image segmentation.

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[pdf] [arXiv]
@InProceedings{Jankowski_2024_CVPR, author = {Jankowski, Krzysztof and Sobieski, Bartlomiej and Kwiatkowski, Mateusz and Szulc, Jakub and Janik, Micha{\l} and Baniecki, Hubert and Biecek, Przemys{\l}aw}, title = {Red-Teaming Segment Anything Model}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR) Workshops}, month = {June}, year = {2024}, pages = {2947-2956} }