Toward Spatially Unbiased Generative Models

Jooyoung Choi, Jungbeom Lee, Yonghyun Jeong, Sungroh Yoon; Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), 2021, pp. 14253-14262


Recent image generation models show remarkable generation performance. However, they mirror strong location preference in datasets, which we call spatial bias. Therefore, generators render poor samples at unseen locations and scales. We argue that the generators rely on their implicit positional encoding to render spatial content. From our observations, the generator's implicit positional encoding is translation-variant, making the generator spatially biased. To address this issue, we propose injecting explicit positional encoding at each scale of the generator. By learning the spatially unbiased generator, we facilitate the robust use of generators in multiple tasks, such as GAN inversion, multi-scale generation, generation of arbitrary sizes and aspect ratios. Furthermore, we show that our method can also be applied to denoising diffusion probabilistic models.

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[pdf] [supp] [arXiv]
@InProceedings{Choi_2021_ICCV, author = {Choi, Jooyoung and Lee, Jungbeom and Jeong, Yonghyun and Yoon, Sungroh}, title = {Toward Spatially Unbiased Generative Models}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV)}, month = {October}, year = {2021}, pages = {14253-14262} }