Domain-Aware Universal Style Transfer

Kibeom Hong, Seogkyu Jeon, Huan Yang, Jianlong Fu, Hyeran Byun; Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), 2021, pp. 14609-14617


Style transfer aims to reproduce content images with the styles from reference images. Existing universal style transfer methods successfully deliver arbitrary styles to original images either in an artistic or a photo-realistic way. However, the range of "arbitrary style" defined by existing works is bounded in the particular domain due to their structural limitation. Specifically, the degrees of content preservation and stylization are established according to a predefined target domain. As a result, both photo-realistic and artistic models have difficulty in performing the desired style transfer for the other domain. To overcome this limitation, we propose a unified architecture, Domain-aware Style Transfer Networks (DSTN) that transfer not only the style but also the property of domain (i.e., domainness) from a given reference image. To this end, we design a novel domainness indicator that captures the domainness value from the texture and structural features of reference images. Moreover, we introduce a unified framework with domainaware skip connection to adaptively transfer the stroke and palette to the input contents guided by the domainness indicator. Our extensive experiments validate that our model produces better qualitative results and outperforms previous methods in terms of proxy metrics on both artistic and photo-realistic stylizations. All codes and pre-trained weights are available at

Related Material

[pdf] [supp] [arXiv]
@InProceedings{Hong_2021_ICCV, author = {Hong, Kibeom and Jeon, Seogkyu and Yang, Huan and Fu, Jianlong and Byun, Hyeran}, title = {Domain-Aware Universal Style Transfer}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV)}, month = {October}, year = {2021}, pages = {14609-14617} }