Looking Here or There? Gaze Following in 360-Degree Images

Yunhao Li, Wei Shen, Zhongpai Gao, Yucheng Zhu, Guangtao Zhai, Guodong Guo; Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), 2021, pp. 3742-3751


Gaze following, i.e., detecting the gaze target of a human subject, in 2D images has become an active topic in computer vision. However, it usually suffers from the out of frame issue due to the limited field-of-view (FoV) of 2D images. In this paper, we introduce a novel task, gaze following in 360-degree images which provide an omnidirectional FoV and can alleviate the out of frame issue. We collect the first dataset, "GazeFollow360", for this task, containing around 10,000 360-degree images with complex gaze behaviors under various scenes. Existing 2D gaze following methods suffer from performance degradation in 360-degree images since they may use the assumption that a gaze target is in the 2D gaze sight line. However, this assumption is no longer true for long-distance gaze behaviors in 360-degree images, due to the distortion brought by sphere-to-plane projection. To address this challenge, we propose a 3D sight line guided dual-pathway framework, to detect the gaze target within a local region (here) and from a distant region (there), parallelly. Specifically, the local region is obtained as a 2D cone-shaped field along the 2D projection of the sight line starting at the human subject's head position, and the distant region is obtained by searching along the sight line in 3D sphere space. Finally, the location of the gaze target is determined by fusing the estimations from both the local region and the distant region. Experimental results show that our method achieves significant improvements over previous 2D gaze following methods on our GazeFollow360 dataset.

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@InProceedings{Li_2021_ICCV, author = {Li, Yunhao and Shen, Wei and Gao, Zhongpai and Zhu, Yucheng and Zhai, Guangtao and Guo, Guodong}, title = {Looking Here or There? Gaze Following in 360-Degree Images}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV)}, month = {October}, year = {2021}, pages = {3742-3751} }