Light Field Saliency Detection With Dual Local Graph Learning and Reciprocative Guidance
The application of light field data in salient object detection is becoming increasingly popular in recent years. The difficulty lies in how to effectively fuse the features within the focal stack and how to cooperate them with the feature of the all-focus image. Previous methods usually fuse focal stack features via convolution or ConvLSTM, which are both less effective and ill-posed. In this paper, we model the information fusion within focal stack via graph networks. They introduce powerful context propagation from neighbouring nodes and also avoid ill-posed implementations. On the one hand, we construct local graph connections thus avoiding prohibitive computational costs of traditional graph networks. On the other hand, instead of processing the two kinds of data separately, we build a novel dual graph model to guide the focal stack fusion process using all-focus patterns. To handle the second difficulty, previous methods usually implement one-shot fusion for focal stack and all-focus features, hence lacking a thorough exploration of their supplements. We introduce a reciprocative guidance scheme and enable mutual guidance between these two kinds of information at multiple steps. As such, both kinds of features can be enhanced iteratively, finally benefiting the saliency prediction. Extensive experimental results show that the proposed models are all beneficial and we achieve significantly better results than state-of-the-art methods.