Vision Transformers for Dense Prediction

Rene Ranftl, Alexey Bochkovskiy, Vladlen Koltun; Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), 2021, pp. 12179-12188

Abstract


We introduce dense prediction transformers, an architecture that leverages vision transformers in place of convolutional networks as a backbone for dense prediction tasks. We assemble tokens from various stages of the vision transformer into image-like representations at various resolutions and progressively combine them into full resolution predictions using a convolutional decoder. The transformer backbone processes representations at a constant and relatively high resolution and has a global receptive field at every stage. These properties allow the dense prediction transformer to provide finer-grained and more globally coherent predictions when compared to fully-convolutional networks. Our experiments show that this architecture yields substantial improvements on dense prediction tasks, especially when a large amount of training data is available. For monocular depth estimation, we observe an improvement of up to 28% in relative performance when compared to a state-of-the-art fully-convolutional network. When applied to semantic segmentation, dense prediction transformers set a new state of the art on ADE20K with 49.02% mIoU. We further show that the architecture can be fine-tuned on smaller datasets such as NYUv2, KITTI, and Pascal Context where it also sets the new state of the art. Our models are available at https://github.com/intel-isl/DPT.

Related Material


[pdf] [supp] [arXiv]
[bibtex]
@InProceedings{Ranftl_2021_ICCV, author = {Ranftl, Rene and Bochkovskiy, Alexey and Koltun, Vladlen}, title = {Vision Transformers for Dense Prediction}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV)}, month = {October}, year = {2021}, pages = {12179-12188} }