Super-Resolution for In Situ Plankton Images

Wenqi Ma, Tao Chen, Zhengwen Zhang, Zhenyu Yang, Chao Dong, Jianping Qiao, Jianping Li; Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV) Workshops, 2021, pp. 3683-3692


Being inherently limited by the wave properties of light, underwater plankton cameras compromise between their imaging resolution and field of view (FOV) for in situ observations. In order to enlarge the sampling volume in single frame acquisition, lower magnifications are usually adopted to enable larger FOV but sacrifice the resolution. In this paper, we build a real-underwater image dataset called IsPlanktonSR for in situ plankton image super-resolution (SR), in which paired low resolution (LR) and high resolution (HR) images of the same individual live planktonic organisms are captured by a customized dual-channel darkfield imaging system. An image registration algorithmic pipeline is also proposed to preprocess and align the image pairs at different scaling factors of 2x and 4x. The IsPlanktonSR dataset is used to train an enhanced deep residual network for SR through the L2, the perceptual and the contextual losses, respectively. Our extensive experimental results demonstrate that the deep learning model trained on real data through the contextual loss has delivered better visual and quantitative SR performance than those trained on simulated data or through other loss functions. The trained SR model is also proved to generalize well to images of various plankton species or captured by different instruments. The proposed SR technology is anticipated to enhance the existing darkfield plankton imageries and enable the future in situ plankton imaging instruments for better observation capability and hence deepen understanding of the plankton ecology.

Related Material

@InProceedings{Ma_2021_ICCV, author = {Ma, Wenqi and Chen, Tao and Zhang, Zhengwen and Yang, Zhenyu and Dong, Chao and Qiao, Jianping and Li, Jianping}, title = {Super-Resolution for In Situ Plankton Images}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV) Workshops}, month = {October}, year = {2021}, pages = {3683-3692} }