Multi-Dimensional Scaling on Groups

Mark Blumstein, Henry Kvinge; Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV) Workshops, 2021, pp. 4239-4244


Leveraging the intrinsic symmetries in data for clear and efficient analysis is an important theme in data science. A basic example of this is the ubiquity of the discrete Fourier transform which arises from translational symmetry (i.e. time-delay/phase-shift). Particularly important in this area is understanding how symmetries inform the algorithms that we apply to our data. In this paper we explore the behavior of the dimensionality reduction algorithm multi-dimensional scaling (MDS) in the presence of symmetry. We show that understanding the properties of the underlying symmetry group allows us to make strong statements about the output of MDS even before applying the algorithm itself. In analogy to Fourier theory, we show that in some cases only a handful of fundamental "frequencies" (irreducible representations derived from the corresponding group) contribute information for the MDS Euclidean embedding.

Related Material

[pdf] [arXiv]
@InProceedings{Blumstein_2021_ICCV, author = {Blumstein, Mark and Kvinge, Henry}, title = {Multi-Dimensional Scaling on Groups}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV) Workshops}, month = {October}, year = {2021}, pages = {4239-4244} }