LDL: Line Distance Functions for Panoramic Localization

Junho Kim, Changwoon Choi, Hojun Jang, Young Min Kim; Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), 2023, pp. 17882-17892


We introduce LDL, a fast and robust algorithm that localizes a panorama to a 3D map using line segments. LDL focuses on the sparse structural information of lines in the scene, which is robust to illumination changes and can potentially enable efficient computation. While previous line-based localization approaches tend to sacrifice accuracy or computation time, our method effectively observes the holistic distribution of lines within panoramic images and 3D maps. Specifically, LDL matches the distribution of lines with 2D and 3D line distance functions, which are further decomposed along principal directions of lines to increase the expressiveness. The distance functions provide coarse pose estimates by comparing the distributional information, where the poses are further optimized using conventional local feature matching. As our pipeline solely leverages line geometry and local features, it does not require costly additional training of line-specific features or correspondence matching. Nevertheless, our method demonstrates robust performance on challenging scenarios including object layout changes, illumination shifts, and large-scale scenes, while exhibiting fast pose search terminating within a matter of milliseconds. We thus expect our method to serve as a practical solution for line-based localization, and complement the well-established point-based paradigm.

Related Material

[pdf] [supp] [arXiv]
@InProceedings{Kim_2023_ICCV, author = {Kim, Junho and Choi, Changwoon and Jang, Hojun and Kim, Young Min}, title = {LDL: Line Distance Functions for Panoramic Localization}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV)}, month = {October}, year = {2023}, pages = {17882-17892} }