HollowNeRF: Pruning Hashgrid-Based NeRFs with Trainable Collision Mitigation

Xiufeng Xie, Riccardo Gherardi, Zhihong Pan, Stephen Huang; Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), 2023, pp. 3480-3490


Neural radiance fields (NeRF) have garnered significant attention, with recent works such as Instant-NGP accelerating NeRF training and evaluation through a combination of hashgrid-based positional encoding and neural networks. However, effectively leveraging the spatial sparsity of 3D scenes remains a challenge. To cull away unnecessary regions of the feature grid, existing solutions rely on prior knowledge of object shape or periodically estimate object shape during training by repeated model evaluations, which are costly and wasteful. To address this issue, we propose HollowNeRF, a novel compression solution for hashgrid-based NeRF which automatically sparsifies the feature grid during the training phase. Instead of directly compressing dense features, HollowNeRF trains a coarse 3D saliency mask that guides efficient feature pruning, and employs an alternating direction method of multipliers (ADMM) pruner to sparsify the 3D saliency mask during training. By exploiting the sparsity in the 3D scene to redistribute hash collisions, HollowNeRF improves rendering quality while using a fraction of the parameters of comparable state-of-the-art solutions, leading to a better cost-accuracy trade-off. Our method delivers comparable rendering quality to Instant-NGP, while utilizing just 31% of the parameters. In addition, our solution can achieve a PSNR accuracy gain of up to 1dB using only 56% of the parameters.

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[pdf] [arXiv]
@InProceedings{Xie_2023_ICCV, author = {Xie, Xiufeng and Gherardi, Riccardo and Pan, Zhihong and Huang, Stephen}, title = {HollowNeRF: Pruning Hashgrid-Based NeRFs with Trainable Collision Mitigation}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV)}, month = {October}, year = {2023}, pages = {3480-3490} }